By John Punter
Read Online or Download Design Guidelines in American Cities: A Review of Design Policies and Guidance in Five West-Coast Cities PDF
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Extra info for Design Guidelines in American Cities: A Review of Design Policies and Guidance in Five West-Coast Cities
The extent to which guidelines are over-prescriptive; . the extent to which guidelines are precise, are underpinned by design principles, and backed by advice on how to implement that principle; . the extent to which the process of control is efﬁcient, fair and effective. The hierarchy of policy and guidance Having established the key criteria for evaluating different cities’ systems for control, it is now possible to compare the different ways in which policy and design guidance are organised and documented for ﬁve of the six cities that are the focus of this study.
Discourage parking in & & & street front 10. Orient building to corner & & & and parking away from corner on public street fronts (corner lots) B. Height, Bulk and Scale 1. Provide sensitive transition to nearby, less-intensive zones & & & C. Architectural Elements and Materials Lower Higher N/A Priority Priority 1. Complement positive exist- & & & ing character 2. Respond to nearby historic & & & structures 3. Follow architectural & & & concept 4. Use human scale and human & & & activity & & 5.
It brieﬂy identiﬁes the city-wide design guidelines, and then looks at downtown and other neighbourhood/area design guidance. It should be reiterated that this level of comprehensiveness and completeness of the policy hierarchy is very unusual in the USA and in large part a testament to longstanding west coast environmental design sensibilities. Most of these policy documents will be discussed in some detail in subsequent chapters, and Figure 5 highlights some of the key features that will be examined— the design content of comprehensive plans, comprehensive revisions to zoning codes, city-wide design goals, downtown design guidance, differential development of neighbourhood/area, plans and guidance, and differential citizen activism on the planning and design front.