Cognitive Illusions: Intriguing Phenomena in Judgement, by Rüdiger F Pohl

Cognitive Illusions: Intriguing Phenomena in Judgement, by Rüdiger F Pohl

By Rüdiger F Pohl

Cognitive Illusions explores quite a lot of attention-grabbing mental results within the manner we predict, pass judgement on and bear in mind in our daily lives. that includes contributions from top researchers, the ebook defines what cognitive illusions are and discusses their theoretical prestige: are such illusions facts for a defective human information-processing method, or do they simply characterize by-products of another way adaptive cognitive mechanisms? through the ebook, heritage to phenomena reminiscent of illusions of regulate, overconfidence and hindsight bias are mentioned, earlier than contemplating the respective empirical study, power motives of the phenomenon, and correct utilized views. every one bankruptcy additionally positive aspects the unique description of an scan that may be used as lecture room demonstration.

Featuring six new chapters, this version has been completely up to date all through to mirror contemporary study and alterations of concentration in the field.

This booklet can be of curiosity to scholars and researchers of cognitive illusions, in particular, these targeting considering, reasoning, decision-making and reminiscence.

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British Journal of Psychology, 88, 1–27. Fisk, J. , & Pidgeon, N. (1998). Conditional probabilities, potential surprise, and the conjunction fallacy. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 51A, 655–681. , & Roskos-Ewoldsen, D. R. (1991). Representativeness and conjoint probability. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, 181–194. Goldsmith, R. W. (1978). Assessing probabilities of compound events in a judicial context. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 19, 103–110. , & Chase, V.

Judgment under uncertainty: Heuristics and biases. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. , & Tversky, A. (1996). On the reality of cognitive illusions. Psychological Review, 103, 582–591. , & Schul, Y. (2009). Two is not always better than one: A critical evaluation of twosystem theories. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 4(6), 533–550. Krueger, J. , & Funder, D. C. (2004). Towards a balanced social psychology: Causes, consequences, and cures for the problem-seeking approach to social behavior and cognition.

I have also demonstrated that judgements deviate systematically from the addition rule depending on the magnitude of the component events, for example, where P(A) and P(B) are both unlikely events, the above expression tends to have a negative or at least significantly smaller overall value (Fisk, Marshall, Stock, & Rogers, under review). In a more recent version of his theory, Costello (personal communication) has modified the original assumptions to allow the value of d to vary, which he claims can then account for my own results.

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