By Prudence J. Jones
Who used to be Cleopatra? who's Cleopatra? considered as either goddess and monster even in her personal lifetime, she has develop into in the course of the a while saint and sinner, heroine and sufferer, femme fatale and star-crossed lover, black and white. A protean determine, Cleopatra defies categorization.Cleopatra’s existence tale, gleaned from modern resources, is powerfully exciting: Married 4 occasions, she seduced of the main robust males in Rome (Julius Caesar and Marc Antony), grew to become the only real ruler of Egypt, received mythical prestige for her lavish banquets, and selected to die instead of suffer shame because the prisoner of Octavian, Caesar’s heir.This interesting sourcebook records what we all know of the historic determine and in addition exhibits how she has developed throughout the lens of interpretation. prepared either chronologically and thematically, the amount contains a sequence of readings approximately Cleopatra—historical, literary, and documentary—extending from precedent days to the 20 th century, from the ecu Romantics to the Afro centrists, and from heart English to fashionable Arabic.In her introductions to the readings, Prudence J. Jones offers important information regarding the assets, putting them in historic and cultural context. She comprises passages either known and unexpected, a few now not simply present in translation. appropriate for lecture room use, Cleopatra: A Sourcebook unearths a large number of Cleopatras, elevating as many questions because it solutions approximately considered one of history’s such a lot appealing figures.
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Additional resources for Cleopatra: A Sourcebook (Oklahoma Series in Classical Culture)
At age fifty-two, he was thirty-one years Cleopatra’s senior. If we believe Suetonius, however, Caesar had a weakness when it came to women, a trait Cleopatra exploited. With Pompey’s defeat, Caesar emerged as the most powerful man in Rome. When it came to Egypt, however, he proceeded with caution, refraining from making it into a Roman province. He could have conquered the country, given the internal strife between Ptolemy XIII and Cleopatra, and Rome could have benefited from Egypt’s wealth. But that wealth represented a danger: there was a potential for anyone appointed governor of Egypt to use the resources of Egypt to rival the Roman government.
45 Poem 66 seems to be the translation that Catullus mentions in Poem 65, which takes the form of a letter to his friend Hortalus. In that poem Catullus says that although he is still mourning the death of his brother, he is enclosing the translation Hortalus had asked for: But nevertheless, amid such sorrows, Hortalus, I am sending you these translated verses of Callimachus (lest you think that your words, entrusted to the wandering winds, by chance slipped away from my mind) . . 15–18 The fact that Catullus’s brother died abroad may resonate with the subject matter of “The Lock of Berenice” and thus may not be a purely incidental detail.
26–28). 50. A prayer to a god for the safe return of a loved one might be accompanied by a vow to dedicate some gift (here, a lock of hair) to that god upon fulfillment of the prayer. In this instance the sacrifice of a bull also accompanied the prayer. The Ptolemies a captive Asia to Egyptian borders. I, in exchange for a prayer fulfilled, was handed over to the celestial assembly, an innovative offering to fulfill a classic vow. Unwilling, my queen, I left your head, unwilling: I swear by you and your head (may anyone who swears by it in vain get what he deserves).