Beyond Coherence: The syntax of opacity in German by Vera Lee-Schoenfeld

Beyond Coherence: The syntax of opacity in German by Vera Lee-Schoenfeld

By Vera Lee-Schoenfeld

The overarching topic of this quantity is without doubt one of the crucial matters of syntactic thought: How neighborhood is syntax, and what are the measures of syntactic locality? it's argued right here that circulation and anaphoric kinfolk are ruled by way of a unified proposal of locality: the section. On an empirical point, Beyond Coherence brings jointly 3 strands of study on German syntax: ‘coherence’, the examine of (reduced) infinitive buildings; the possessor dative building, with a dative nominal taking part in the twin function of possessor and affectee; and binding, the distribution of anaphors and pronominals. those it appears disparate components of analysis intersect in that the locality constraints at the possessor dative building and binding permit the 2 phenomena to function probes for infinitival clause measurement. supplying a Minimalist ‘possessor elevating’ and phase-based binding account, this paintings culminates in a dialogue of the section because the key to many of the opacity results saw within the ebook.

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19) a. dass den Schlüssel keiner mehr [ __ zu finden] versucht. ” b. dass der Schlüssel [ __ zu finden] versucht wurde. ” c. dass den Schlüssel keiner [ __ zu verlieren] befürchtet. ” d. *dass der Schlüssel [ __ zu verlieren] befürchtet wurde. ” To what extent the subdivisions within Class 2 created by the Third Construction and long passive overlap is not quite clear. Since the grammaticality judgments are extremely subtle, different authors have come to different conclusions. This opens the analytical space for one of the contributions the research presented here will make.

Tim steht Lena im Garten herum. ” d. Tim ruiniert Lena den schönen Garten. ” e. Tim gräbt Lena den Garten um. 4 that the affectedness condition can be explained within a dynamic structure-building framework where a second θ-role becomes available to an argument after movement. 3 Possessor raising The goal here is to show that several of the basic properties Landau (1999) identifies for the PDC in Hebrew hold for German as well. g. 4 introduces Landau’s movement analysis and thus provides the basic building blocks for a formal structural account of the PDC and its properties.

An overview of Wurmbrand’s classification with examples and some characteristic properties of each type of (non-)restructuring predicate under her analysis is given in Table 1 (see Wurmbrand’s Table 1, p. 3 and Table 40, p. 327). Type Properties, Distribution Examples Functional Restructuring (FR) Infinitive = main predicate (vP or VP) • thematic properties are determined by infinitive • possible with: modal, raising, aspectual, causative, perception, motion verbs dürfen “may” gehen “go” hören “hear” lassen “let” scheinen “seem” Lexical Restructuring (LR) Infinitival complement = VP • no embedded (PRO) subject • no embedded structural case • possible with: control verbs vergessen “forget” versuchen “try” wagen “dare” Reduced Non-Restructuring (RNR) Infinitival complement = vP or TP • embedded (PRO) subject • embedded structural case • possible with: control verbs beschließen “decide” planen “plan” versprechen “promise” (Full) Clausal Non-Restructuring (NR) Infinitival complement: CP • embedded (PRO) subject • embedded structural case • possible with: control verbs bedauern “regret” behaupten “claim” vergessen “forget” Table 1 The crucial phrase-structural distinction between LR and RNR predicates is that the LR-type takes just a bare VP-complement, whereas the RNR-type takes a more complex, subject-containing vP or TP-complement.

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