By Peter Burleigh, Paul Skandera
It is a absolutely built-in path publication geared toward universi-ty scholars of English within the German-speaking zone. It provides a staged and obviously constructed introducti directly to the speculation of pronunciati on mixed with a wealth of transcripti on workouts and an accompanying CD. The e-book calls for no previous wisdom of linguisti cs. From the outset, it explains key thoughts in easy-to-understand language, highlights key phrases within the textual content for simple re-view, and provides translati ons of the various phrases into German. Additi onally, a thesaurus presents scholars with a convenient speedy reference. The transcripti on workouts gui-de scholars from exploratory projects to easy transcripti directly to the extra difficult transcripti on of traditional discussion, and all workouts are provided with annotated soluti ons. The booklet is punctiliously divided into classes and routines that are controlled in 12 two-hour periods, leaving adequate ti me for evaluation and examinati on in a school time period of 14 weeks or more.
"a good based and easy-to-follow introducti directly to the fundamentals of the speculation of pronunciati on, observed through a delicately designed set of practi cal workouts and a step by step transcripti on course"
(Snezhina Dimitrova, Linguist checklist)
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Additional info for A Manual of English Phonetics and Phonology: Twelve Lessons with an Integrated Course in Phonetic Transcription (Narr Studienbucher)
You will hear h o w the quality changes when the air-stream through the nose is blocked. Try the same with any other English sound and you will find that the sound quality does not change a bit. W h y ? Because in oral sounds, the passage through the nose is already blocked at the velum. Another terminological distinction that is sometimes made and that we should mention at this point is the contrast between non-continuant and continuant sounds. Non-continuants are produced with a complete closure of the speech organs.
E. with the same s p e e c h organs, as the preceding plosive. We therefore say that the two elements are h o m a Consonants 23 organic sounds. There are t w o affricates in English: the fortis /t|7 as in cheese and the lenis lö^l as in gin. ) Affricates are the additional category ^mentioned above. There is no compelling reason why we should analyse the two elements of an affricate as a single phoneme. The sequences Itxl and /dr/, for example, are also homorganic sounds, but only very few linguists would recognise them as independent phonemes.
T h e three English nasals are all lenis sounds: / m / as in mango, Ixxl as in nightingale, and /rj/ as in England. All other English phonemes are usually produced with the velum raised, so that the passage to the nasal cavity [Nasenraum] is blocked, and the air escapes only through the mouth. In order to distinguish them from nasals, these sounds are sometimes called orals. We cannot actually feel our velum moving, but there is a simple test that shows us whether the velum is lowered or raised, and the effect that the position has on the sound quality: While you are pronouncing one of the three English nasals, stop your nose and release it again.