By Ian Jeffries
Following the hugely profitable Economies in Transition: A consultant to China, Cuba, Mongolia, North Korea and Vietnam on the flip of the twenty-first century (published within the Routledge experiences in improvement Economics series), jap Europe on the flip of the Twenty-first Century: A consultant to the economies in transition and the previous Yugoslavia on the flip of the Twenty-first Century: A consultant to the economies in transition, this publication is the 1st of 2 which makes a speciality of monetary and political occasions within the nations of the former Soviet Union. the writer offers a transparent, precise and obtainable breakdown of the advancements within the Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia) and the imperative Asian republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. This ebook presents a different point of insurance of financial and political occasions of world importance, together with international exchange, overseas direct funding, the impression of oil and average fuel reveals, Islamic extremism, the eleven September 2001 terrorist assaults at the usa and the response of the CIS international locations and the struggle on overseas terrorism. it's going to supply a useful resource of reference for all these drawn to transitional and constructing international locations.
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Following the hugely winning Economies in Transition: A advisor to China, Cuba, Mongolia, North Korea and Vietnam on the flip of the twenty-first century (published within the Routledge reports in improvement Economics series), japanese Europe on the flip of the Twenty-first Century: A advisor to the economies in transition and the previous Yugoslavia on the flip of the Twenty-first Century: A consultant to the economies in transition, this booklet is the 1st of 2 which makes a speciality of financial and political occasions within the nations of the former Soviet Union.
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Extra info for The Caucasus and Central Asian Republics at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century: A guide to the economies in transition (Routledge Studies of Societies in Transition)
14, p. ) ‘Uzbekistan has joined GUAM, the alliance comprising Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Moldova. The alliance was renamed GUUAM’ (UZET, Quarterly Issue, January–March 2000, p. 19). Uzbekistan is supportive of the United States over the issue of international terrorism. It was the first former Soviet republic to allow the US military use of its bases to attack the Taleban regime in Afghanistan after the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States. Uzbekistan announced yesterday [14 June 2002] that it was withdrawing from the alliance of five post-Soviet states known as GUUAM (Georgia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan and Moldova)… The GUUAM organization was created in 1997 as a strategic alliance of four states (Uzbekistan joining it two years later).
Export revenues plummeted after March 1997 when Turkmenistan cut off gas exports to Russia, Ukraine and other former Soviet republics in a dispute about gas prices (FT, 30 December 1997, p. 1). Turkmenistan has the fourth largest natural gas reserves in the world and the pipeline will lessen dependence on Russian pipelines. Iran financed the pipeline and gas deliveries will be used to pay off Turkmenistan’s debt (IHT, 31 December 1997, p. 2). On 18 November 1999 an agreement was signed on a gas pipeline from Turkmenistan via the Caspian Sea to Turkey.
2, p. 26). The law on private ownership of land was introduced in December 1995 (KET, Quarterly Issue, April–June 1999, p. 38). After political resistance forced the government to reconsider a draft new law in 1999, the revised draft no longer provides for the possibility of full private ownership over agricultural land. While the existing ninety-nine-year long-term leases are transferable and can be used as collateral, with low land values and remaining legal uncertainty, a rural land market has failed to develop.