Culture and cognition: Implications for theory and method by Norbert Otto Ross

Culture and cognition: Implications for theory and method by Norbert Otto Ross

By Norbert Otto Ross

Culture performs a massive function in our daily lives, but the examine of cultural strategies and their effect on pondering and behaviour remains to be in its infancy. learn in anthropology usually lacks the readability and specificity of cognitive methods and is hence frequently neglected by way of such a lot psychologists. nonetheless, so much cognitive examine in psychology both ignores tradition as a big issue to be taken into consideration or treats tradition as one more self sustaining variable.

 

Recent traits point out an expanding curiosity in "culture" as an issue of mental inquiry. Culture and Cognition: Implications for concept and Methods combines the examine of tradition with an knowing of proper cognitive methods and the problem of learning high-level cognition as embedded into tradition. writer Norbert Ross engages either anthropology and psychology, with the assumption that any profitable study in tradition and cognition needs to include insights from either fields.

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2002, for a discussion of some of these issues) . Some leverage can b e gained by exploring the development and emergence of cultural knowledge and the existing patterns of informant agreement within each of the groups compared. Once we have identified these structures and their underlying causes, we are in a much better position to investigate existing cultural differences in a meaningful way. This also prevents us from comparing "apples" to "pears" and interpreting the results in inappropriate ways (see Cole, 1 996).

First, given the broad focus (Asia vs. the West), most approaches usually fail to account for cultural processes. To make matters worse, many scholars would be hard pressed to say which cultures/nations belong to either of the categories and why. As an effect of this rather unspecific approach, culture is treated as an independent variable that can easily be controlled by assigning individuals of separate groups (Asians vs. Americans) to the tasks. For example, in a study on hindsight bias, Choy and Nisbett (2000) concluded that Asians are more prone to showing hindsight bias than Americans.

Oak vs. red oak). In their analysis, the researchers report a decline in listed tree terms on all levels of specificity. The way the OED is organized, this seems to reflect (at least in part) the actual language use at various times. It is important to note that the researchers report a similar decline in other folk-biological categories, but not in the naming of artifacts. Therefore, the data indicate a devolution of folk-biological knowledge from the 1 6th to the 20th century. , 1999, p. 199).

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