Crusading Peace: Christendom, the Muslim World, and Western by Tomaz Mastnak

Crusading Peace: Christendom, the Muslim World, and Western by Tomaz Mastnak

By Tomaz Mastnak

Tomaz Mastnak's provocative research of the roots of peacemaking within the Western global elucidates struggles for peace that happened within the excessive and past due heart a long time. Mastnak lines the ways in which eleventh-century peace routine, looking to finish violence between Christians, formed not just energy buildings inside Christendom but in addition the connection of the Western Christian global to the realm outdoor. The unification of Christian society below the banner of "holy peace" brought about a basic department among the Christian and non-Christian worlds, and the postulated peace between Christians resulted in holy warfare opposed to non-Christians.

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165 In his exposition, the Church had the jurisdictional right of coercive action. 166 The Church’s material coercive power was independent of the coercive power of secular princes and could be exercised against them by the Church itself. 169 Secular princes had to fulfil their ap- 163. Protocol of the Autumn Roman Synod, 1078, c. 6, in Gregory VII Register VI, 5b (p. 404). Cf. 1: 242. The canon was incorporated into Gratian’s Decretum. 164. Cowdrey 1997, 24. 165. Stickler 1947, 238, 270, 274. 166.

102 (PL 146: 1387). Ewald 1880, 347, suggests 1063 as the year of composition. 106. ” Loewenfeld, Epp. pontif. , no. 83 (p. 43). A slightly different reading in Jaffé, Regesta 4533 (3487). Mansi 19: 980 —reproduced in Alexander II Epistolae et diplomata no. 103 (PL 146: 1387)— does not have “nisi forte . . ” 107. Alexander to the bishops of Spain, Epistolae et diplomata no. 101 (PL 146: 1386). 108. The discussion of these topics here can only be a simplification, for it is beyond the scope of this study to account for regionally specific and unsynchronous developments.

Cf. Berschin 1987, 281. On the question of whether Bonizo used Anselm’s Collectio canonum as a source for his Vita christiana, cf. Erdmann 1935, 234; Stickler 1947, 271–72; Berschin 1972, 73–74. 174. ” 175. , II,43; cf. X,79. , II,3. 176. , VII,16. Cf. Berschin 1972, 111. 177. Mayer 1993, 19. 178. De vita christiana VII,28; cf. II,43. 179. Cf. the analysis in Erdmann 1935, 235 –37; Flori 1986, 250 –53. 01-C1880 10/30/01 12:21 PM Page 32 32 Chapter 1 being of the republic (pro statu rei publice), not break their sworn fidelity, and not commit perjury toward their lords.

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