Creating German Communism, 1890-1990 by Eric D. Weitz

Creating German Communism, 1890-1990 by Eric D. Weitz

By Eric D. Weitz

Eric Weitz provides a social and political historical past of German communism from its beginnings on the finish of the 19th century to the cave in of the German Democratic Republic in 1990. within the first publication in English or in German to discover this complete interval, Weitz describes the emergence of the Communist occasion of Germany (KPD) opposed to the historical past of Imperial and Weimar Germany, and obviously explains how the legacy of those sessions formed the nature of the GDR to the very finish of its existence.

In Weimar Germany, social democrats and Germany's previous elites attempted frantically to self-discipline a disordered society. Their techniques drove communists out of the office and into the streets, the place the occasion collected supporters in confrontations with the police, fascist corporations, or even socialists and hired employees. within the streets the celebration cast a politics of exhibit and spectacle, which inspired ideological pronouncements and cruel actual engagements instead of the mediation of sensible political matters. Male actual prowess got here to be honored because the final innovative caliber. The KPD's gendered political tradition then contributed to the intransigence that characterised the German Democratic Republic all through its heritage. The communist leaders of the GDR remained imprisoned in guidelines solid within the Weimar Republic and have become tragically faraway from the wishes and pursuits in their personal populace.

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Employers continu­ ally revised them—Krupp issued complete codes in 1856, 1885, and 1890, along R E G I M E S OF R E P R E S S I O N 9 For details, see Irmgard Steinisch, Arbeitszeitverkurzung und sozialer Wandel: Der Kampf urn die Aehtstundenschicht in der deutschen und amerikanischen Eisen- und Stahlindustrie 1880-1929 (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1986), 49-72; S. H. F. Hickey, Workers in Imperial Germany: The Miners of the Ruhr (Oxford: Clarendon, 1985), 109-68; Dieter Schiffmann, Von der Revolution zum Neunstundentag: Arbeit und Konflikt bei BASF 1918-1924 (Frankfurt am Main: Campus, 1983), 54-128; Franz-Josef Briiggemeier, Leben vor Ort: Ruhrbergleute und Ruhrbergbau 1889-1919 (Munich: Beck, 1983), 75-141; Uta Stolle, Arbeiterpolitik im Betrieb: Frauen und Manner, Reformisten und Radikale, Fach- und Massenarbeiter bei Bayer, BASF, Bosch und in Solingen (1900-1933) (Frankfurt am Main: Campus, 1980), 20-107; Wilhelm Treue, “Die Technik in Wirtschaft und Gesetlschaft 1800-1970,” in Handbuch der deutschen Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte 2:81-82.

Einen zuverlassigen und seBhaften Arbeiterstamm an die Werke fesseln und das Gefiihl der Zugehorigkeit zu unseren Betrieben erwecken und befestigen. — Mine owner1 [1. ] Wie war das nur moglich? An einem Arbeitstage wagten die Proletarierscharen nicht zu arbeiten, dem Untemehmer damit den Profit zu kiirzen? Sie wagten zu feiem an einem Tage, der nicht von Staat oder Kirche als Feiertag festgelegt worden war? — Ottilie Baader2 1989, j u s t b e f o r e the collapse of the German Democratic Republic, the Socialist Unity Party’s Institut fiir Marxismus-Leninismus began publication of a projected multivolume history of the party.

Hermann Weber zum 60. Geburtstag, ed. Werner Muller (Cologne: Bund, 1988); idem, Aufbau und Fall einer Diktatur: Kritischen Beitrage zur Geschichte der DDR (Cologne: Bund, 1991). 21 See Weber, Wandiung and Kommunistische Bewegung; Ossip K. Flechtheim, Die KPD in der Weimarer Republik (1948; Hamburg: Junius, 1986); Siegfried Bahne, Die KPD und das Ende von Weimar: Das Scheitern einer Politik 1932-1935 (Frankfurt am Main: Campus, 1976); and Heinrich August Winkler’s trilogy on Weimar labor, which generally follows Weber in relation to the KPD: Von der Revolution zur Stabilisierung: Arbeiter und Arbeiterbewegung in der Weimarer Republik 1918 bis 1924 (Berlin: J.

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