By David J. Whittaker
Conflict and Reconciliation within the modern World supplies a concise, unique and multi-faceted advent to the examine of recent clash occasions. utilizing 8 case- reviews, from 4 continents: Yugoslavia, Israel, Northern eire, South Africa, El Salvador, Cambodia, Cyprus and Afghanistan, it comprises dialogue on:
* threatened neighborhood peace and security
* cycles of inner discord, inhabitants displacement and violence
* controversy over motives, growth and resolution
* the worth of exterior mediation, enforcement or intervention equivalent to sanctions or ''punishments''
* skill, timing and permanence of reconciliation
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Additional resources for Conflict and Reconciliation in the Contemporary World
Workers were bussed in from shacks in teeming ‘townships’ located downwind from the big cities. After 1962, country people were relegated to eight ‘Bantustans’—upcountry ‘homeland reserves’—to develop in their own way, or so the theory went. The notion of separate development was, of course, apartheid at a remove and it was a spurious idea, for without fertile land, investment and infrastructure, no appreciable development is possible. These facilities were never made available. There were also 4 million Indians or mixed-race ‘Coloured’ people assigned to particular living places and occupations.
Nor, since self-sufficiency was to be the driving motive for all work, would there be any need for money or markets. There was to be no choice and certainly no right of appeal. Sustaining this extraor-dinary creed and system was a bureaucracy whose spies recorded in minute detail any deviation ‘incompatible with the revolution’. Not toeing the line was punishable by torture and death so that the Cambodian landscape became littered with gruesome heaps of skulls and mass burial sites. One in seven Cambodians, well over a million of them, met a hideous final fate.
If so, is not justice being sold short? There is no insistence on offenders being obliged to make amends. That way, can there be reconciliation between aggrieved and offenders? At its apparent demise, South Africa’s apartheid conflict is being dealt with in a historic way. An impressive set of machinery has been devised and put into operation to secure a reconciled and unified community. Understandably, questions are raised on every side, questions similar to those being asked in El Salvador. If the concept of the TRC was an innovation, does it not represent a historic compromise?