By Wilbur Sturtevant Nye
Fortress Sill, positioned within the center of the outdated Kiowa-Comanche Indian kingdom in southwestern Oklahoma, is understood to a latest new release because the box Artillery university of the us military. To scholars of yank frontier historical past, it really is referred to as the focus of 1 of the main fascinating, dramatic, and sustained sequence of conflicts within the files of western warfare.From 1833 till 1875, in a theater of motion extending from Kansas to Mexico, the strife was once virtually uninterrupted. The U.S. military, defense force of Kansas, Texas Rangers, and white pioneers and investors at the one hand have been arrayed opposed to the fierce and heroic bands of the Kiowas, Comanches, Cheyennes, Arapahoes, and Kiowa-Apaches at the other.The savage skirmishes with the southwestern Indians earlier than the Civil battle supplied many military officials with one of those education which was once essential to them in that later, lengthy clash. while hostilities ceased, males like Sherman, Sheridan, avert, Custer, and Grierson back resumed the tough box of guerrilla struggle opposed to their Indian foes, difficult, tough, lusty, combatants, between whom the peace pipe had ceased to have greater than a ceremonial significance.With the inauguration of the so-called Quaker Peace coverage in the course of President Grant’s first management, the palms of the military have been tied. The citadel Sill reservation grew to become a spot of shelter for the marauding fingers which went forth unmolested to coach in Texas, Oklahoma, and Mexico. The toll in human lifestyles reached such proportions that the govt. ultimately became the southwestern Indians over to the military for self-discipline, and an everlasting payment of the bands used to be completed by way of 1875.From large learn, conversations with either Indian and white eye witnesses, and his familiarity with Indian lifestyles and armed forces affairs, Captain Nye has written an unforgettable account of those stirring time. The delineation of personality and the reconstruction of colourful scenes, so frequently absent in ancient writing, are to be came across right here in abundance. His Indians are made to reside back: his scenes of put up lifestyles might have been written in simple terms via a military guy.
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Additional info for Carbine and Lance: The Story of Old Fort Sill
The Osage, Delaware, Seneca, and Cherokee scouts made speeches of friendship toward the Kiowas, Comanches, and Wichitas. The latter responded suitably. Then the principal chief of the Kiowas arose to talk. He was a young man named To-hauson, who had been elevated to principal chieftainship as successor to Ah-da-te. The latter had been deposed after the Cutthroat Massacre. To-hauson was a man of magnetic personality, with great natural ability as a leader. He remained principal chief of his people until his death in 1866.
Probably my best informant was Mr. William H. Quinette, who came to Fort Sill in 1878 and was post trader to 1915. I lived at his home during the summer of 1934, and we spent the long summer evenings on the porch of his home in Lawton while he reminisced about his experiences at Fort Sill. We also made many trips over the area to enable him to point out historic spots. He had been well acquainted with Horace P. Jones, the post interpreter for many years, who had given him much first-hand information.
I was able to secure an ambulance from the post for this purpose, and my action was deeply appreciated by the Indians. On the death of Mrs. S. Indian scout she was entitled to this honor. Two officials of the school attended the funeral. The Kiowas were greatly impressed, and word of this attention spread through the tribe and to other tribes. From then on I had no difficulty. The door was opened to me for many interviews of old Indians, and much valuable source material was obtained. George Hunt became my guide, interpreter, and close friend.