Baghdad: City of Peace, City of Blood--A History in Thirteen by Justin Marozzi

Baghdad: City of Peace, City of Blood--A History in Thirteen by Justin Marozzi

By Justin Marozzi

For far of its striking existence, Baghdad, recognized for hundreds of years because the "City of Peace," loved either cultural and advertisement preeminence. for 5 centuries it used to be the seat of the Abbasid Empire, a wonder of glittering palaces, beautiful parks, tremendous mosques, and Islamic schools. It used to be a urban boasting the main comprehensive astronomers, mathematicians, medical professionals, musicians, and poets—it was once right here, for the time of the caliphs, that the nice Arabic vintage One Thousand and One Nights was once set. With its teeming markets watered through the Tigris, Baghdad used to be a thriving buying and selling emporium, attracting retailers from crucial Asia to the Atlantic; its economic climate used to be the envy of West and East alike.

Yet Baghdad's population have additionally obvious many bad hardships, from epidemics and famines to invasions and devastating floods. And it has additionally been probably the most violent towns in the world. whilst U.S. troops entered in 2003, they grew to become the newest members in a turbulent historical past stretching again to the city's founding in 762. Over so much of its thirteen-century historical past, Baghdad has continued the rule of thumb of brutal strongmen, from capricious caliphs to Saddam Hussein; and it has suffered violent occupations by the hands of its conquerors, from the Mongol Hulagu, grandson of Genghis Khan, to Tamerlane, referred to as the "Sword Arm of Israel."

Here, during this brilliant new history—the first released in English in approximately a century—Justin Marozzi brings to existence the total splendorous and tumultuous tale of what used to be the best capital in the world.

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106 It followed, therefore, that the Fascist Regime was finally able to carry out a more aggressive imperial policy in the Red Sea. Large quantities of arms and ammunitions were continually smuggled to Hodeidah and a mission was dispatched to Sanaa in order to open negotiations for a new treaty and to settle outstanding questions between the two countries. 110 The war between Saudi Arabia and Yemen broke out in March 1934. Not only was the root of the conflict regional, but it was also indicative of the growing Anglo-Italian rivalry in the Arabian Peninsula and in the Red Sea and the way 106 ASMAE, AP 1931–1945, Arabia, b.

108 Minute written by Rendel, ‘Saudi-Yemeni Relations and Proposed AngloItalian Discussions Regarding Situation in Arabia’, 8 November 1933, E 6768/759/25 FO 371/16873. 109 Italy’s position was that Ibn Saud’s aggression in absorbing Asir four years earlier constituted the root of the problem and pressed Britain to accept a renewed conference to examine events since the 1927 Understanding and the situation which had developed subsequently. London rejected Italy’s proposal, signing a Treaty of Mutual Cooperation with Yemen in February 1934.

98 Excited by the possibility of redrawing the map of the Arabian Peninsula, Astuto secretly supplied the rebels with arms and ammunition. 99 Ignoring Rome’s repeated directives to conduct a ‘policy of strict neutrality’, Astuto allowed the conspirators to foment a revolt in Asir in conjunction with the activities in northern Hejaz. The news of the insurrection of the Idrisi himself raised his hopes of imminent territorial modifications. Cherishing vain illusions about the Farasan, the Governor persistently requested the Ministry for Foreign Affairs to support the rebels with war material.

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