By Charles L. Geddes
This selection of crucial records relating the long-standing Arab-Israeli clash starts with Leo Pinsker's pamphlet of 1882 which first proposed the institution of a Jewish kingdom, ideally in Palestine, and ends with the United countries safety Council answer of 1990. Issued through a number of the authentic and quasi-official governments and businesses which were events to the dispute, the records give you the heritage to political Zionism and illustrate nice Britain's function in either aiding the institution of a Jewish native land in Palestine and in easing Arab fears. moreover, the gathering demonstrates the most important function performed by means of the U.S.. Charles L. Geddes' introductions to every rfile are based mostly on different records equivalent to released memoirs of the contributors, released and unpublished letters, reportage from overseas reporting prone, and extra. those prologues position every one record in its ancient context. To the various files Geddes has appended epilogues that include specified details at the effects or response to that specific paper. one of the landmark works integrated within the assortment are Theodor Herzl's Der Judenstaat; "The Basel software" of the 1st Zionist Congress; the "Balfour Declaration;" the "Churchill White Paper;" and the PLO proclamation of an autonomous Palestinian country within the West financial institution and the Gaza Strip. many of the records were reproduced of their entirety at once from the correct resources. From these too long to reprint in complete, in simple terms the conclusions or strategies were incorporated. None were paraphrased or truncated and no appropriate details has been passed over. the results of Geddes' 25-year adventure educating a direction at the Arab-Israeli clash, this scholarly paintings serves as a supplementary textual content for school classes at the topic and will additionally stand on my own as a useful reference for college students, media execs, and educated normal readers.
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Extra info for A Documentary History of the Arab-Israeli Conflict
Auto-emancipation, 1882 1 2. Der Judenstaat, 1896 11 3. The Basel Program, 1897 21 4. Husayn-McMahon Correspondence, 1915–1916 23 5. Sykes-Picot Agreement, 1916 29 6. Balfour Declaration, 1917 35 7. The Hogarth Message, 1918 39 8. Fourteen Point Speech, 1918 45 9. Declaration to the Seven, 1918 53 10. Anglo-French Declaration, 1918 57 11. Covenant of the League of Nations (The Mandate Article), 1919 59 12. King-Crane Commission Report, 1919 63 13. San Remo Agreement, 1920 79 14. Resolutions of the Council of the League of Nations, 1920 83 15.
It was as a student in Vienna that Herzl began to perceive the Jewish Question: the rising tide of anti-Jewish sentiment that was starting to engulf Europe in the last quarter of the nineteenth century. At first he attempted to understand it, and then, in the spring of 1895, he sought a solution through the emigration of the Jews. Like Pinsker before him, Herzl attempted to obtain support for his ideas from amongst the wealthy and powerful Jews of Western Europe, with so little success, that he too turned to the expedient of publishing them in a short seventy-one page pamphlet published in Vienna at his own expense.
We would not set out individually with spears Page 14 and lances to hunt bears; but would organize a large, jolly hunting party, drive the beasts together, and throw a melinite bomb into their midst. If we wish to erect buildings, we shall not put up ungainly piles at the shore of some lake; we shall build the way it is done now. We shall build more boldly and more magnificently than has ever been done before; for we now have means that are unprecedented in history. The emigrants standing lowest in the economic scale will be gradually be followed by those of the next grade.