By Robert Higgs
Different books exist that warn of the risks of empire and battle. besides the fact that, few, if any, of those books achieve this from a scholarly, expert fiscal point of view. In melancholy, struggle, and chilly warfare , Robert Higgs, a very hot fiscal historian, makes pointed, clean fiscal arguments opposed to battle, displaying hyperlinks among govt rules and the economic climate in a transparent, obtainable manner. He boldly questions, for example, the generally permitted concept that international conflict II was once the manager cause the Depression-era financial system recovered. The publication as an entire covers American financial historical past from the good melancholy throughout the chilly battle. half I facilities at the melancholy and international warfare II. It addresses the impression of presidency rules at the inner most zone, the results of wartime procurement regulations at the financial system, and the commercial effects of the transition to a peacetime economic system after the effective finish of the battle. half II makes a speciality of the chilly warfare, really at the hyperlinks among Congress and safety procurement, the extent of gains made by way of protection contractors, and the position of public opinion andnt ideological rhetoric within the upkeep of safety charges through the years. This new booklet extends and refines rules of the sooner booklet with new interpretations, proof, and statistical research. This ebook will succeed in the same viewers of scholars, researchers, and proficient lay humans in political economic system and financial historical past specifically, and within the social sciences regularly.
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Additional resources for Depression, War, and Cold War: Studies in Political Economy
It is not an exaggeration to say that as a result we came closer than is generally realized to financing this war on a disguised CPPC basis. Often, the contractor’s actual costs turned out to be far lower than the initially estimated costs, especially when high-volume production permitted significant economies of learning from experience. Hence the fixed fee, relative to actual costs, gave the contractor far more than a 7 percent profit margin (the maximum, relative to estimated costs, allowed by the law) [Smith, 1959, p.
3, 11, 30, 34, 36–50, 100). 2 Defense profits are a hotly disputed topic (partly because of the opaque accounting practices of the companies), but it seems fairly clear that, in view of the small risk borne, the major contractors generally realize extraordinarily high rates of return on their investment. ”3 Procurement officers pay attention to limiting a contractor’s rate of returns on sales, but they virtually ignore the more significant rate of return, namely, that on the contractor’s investment.
419–20. Pindyck, Robert S. (1991) Irreversibility, Uncertainty, and Investment. Journal of Economic Literature 29 (September): 1110–48. Porter, David L. (1985) Congress, United States. In Franklin D. Roosevelt, His Life and Times: An Encyclopedic View, edited by O. L. , and M. R. Wander. Boston: G. K. , pp. 72–76. Public Opinion, 1935–1946, edited by Hadley Cantril. (1951) Princeton: Princeton University Press. Rapaczynski, Andrzej. (1996) The Roles of the State and the Market in Establishing Property Rights.