By Edward H. Shortliffe
Computer-Based clinical Consultations: MYCIN specializes in MYCIN, a singular computer-based professional method designed to help physicians with medical judgements in regards to the collection of applicable treatment for sufferers with infections. It discusses scientific computing, synthetic intelligence, and the medical areas of difficulty for which the MYCIN application is designed, and it describes intimately how the MYCIN software is helping physicians in making judgements.
Comprised of 7 chapters, this quantity starts off with an summary of MYCIN and the factors utilized in its layout. It then discusses information constructions and keep watch over buildings within the context of previous paintings relating to rule-based problem-solving, inferential version construction and inexact reasoning in drugs. The ebook additionally explores MYCIN'S skill to reply to questions with admire to its wisdom base and the main points of a particular session, review and destiny extensions of the MYCIN procedure, the restrictions and accomplishments of MYCIN, and its contributions in man made intelligence and computer-based scientific choice making.
This e-book is a worthwhile resource of knowledge for desktop scientists and contributors of the scientific group.
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Additional info for Computer-Based Medical Consultations: Mycin
2 (**) AI METHODOLOGIES AND TECHNIQUES Four core topics in artificial intelligence pervade all eight of the application areas discussed above. 3 and Chapter 3 describe how the MYCIN system has drawn on work in each of these areas. 2-7 (**) Modeling and Representation of Knowledge Writers in the AI field are fond of citing examples of problems that seem exceedingly difficult until a simplified way of expressing the task is discovered. Consider a favorite such example—a 64-square checkerboard, 8 squares on each side, and a box of dominos.
Because the patient does have a normal bacterial flora and contamination of cultures may occur, determination of the significance of an infection is usually based upon clinical criteria. Does the patient have a fever? Is he coughing up sputum filled with bacteria? Does he have skin or blood findings suggestive of serious infection? Is his chest x-ray normal? Does he have pain or inflammation? These and similar questions allow the physician to judge the seriousness of the patient's condition and often explain why the possibility of infection was considered in the first place.
The decision making program's mode of interaction, like that of any computer program, is either on-line with the user (usually under some time-sharing monitor) or remote in a batch-processing or other off-line mode. The majority of such programs now operate on-line, interacting either directly with the decision maker or with someone who will transmit the computer's information to him. There is clearly more opportunity for discourse and explanation in such programs. " The "purpose" of a decision making program would provide a useful basis for classification of the field if there were not so much overlap among the categories.