Compound semiconductor bulk materials and characterizations by Osamu Oda

Compound semiconductor bulk materials and characterizations by Osamu Oda

By Osamu Oda

This booklet is anxious with compound semiconductor bulk fabrics, and has been written for college kids, researchers and engineers in fabric technology and gadget fabrication. It offers the easy and intermediate wisdom of compound semiconductor bulk fabrics worthy for access into this box. the 1st quantity defined the actual homes, crystal progress applied sciences, ideas of crystal development, quite a few defects in crystals, characterization ideas and purposes, and reviewed numerous Iii-V and Ii-V compound semiconductor fabrics. during this moment quantity, different fabrics are reviewed, together with those who have lately acquired recognition akin to GaN, AlN, SiC and ZnO for optical and digital units.

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13 can not be solved analytically, but they can be solved graphically by the Schokley diagram and/or by the iteration method. Fig. 14 shows an example of the Schockley diagram for undoped semi-insulating GaAs. It can be seen that the Fermi level is determined by the cross point between the positive charge line and the negative charge line. This Schokley diagram is important for the consideration of the resistivity depending on the defect concentrations. Several examples will be shown in the case of semi-insulating GaAs and InP in Chapters 8 and 10, respectively.

All d a t a fall into t h e s h a d e d b a n d (reprinted from Ref. 44 with permission, copyright 1983 Elsevier). REFERENCES 1. Physics and Chemistry of IZ-VI Compounds, eds. by M. Aven and J. S. Prener (North-Holland, Amsterdam 1967) 2. B. VI Compounds (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1969) 3. J. L. Pankove, Optical Processes in Semiconductors (Dover, New York, 1971) 4. R. H. Bube, Photoconductivity of Solids (R. E. Krieger, New York, 1978) 5. K. Zanio, Semiconductors and Semimetals Vol. 13 (Academic Press, New York, 1978) 6.

Is8 REFERENCES 1. B. Mullin, in Crystal Growth and Characterization, eds. R. B. Mullin (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1975) p. 75. 2. H. C. Gatos, in Crystal Growth: A TutorialApproach, eds. by W. Bardsley and D. T. J. Hurle (NorthHolland, Amsterdam, 1979) p. 1. 3. D. T. J. Hurle, in Crystal Growth: A TutorialApproach, eds. by W. Bardsley and D. T. J. Hurle (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1979) p. 91. 4. K-W. Benz and E.

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