By Stephen Tanner
Following the occasions of September eleven, 2001, the realm was once riveted as American army energy contested the mythical warrior tradition of Afghanistan. via spring 2002, the USA started to draw down its forces, its undertaking complete: The Afghan Taliban regime has been overthrown and the terrorists it harbored have been at the run. was once America's effortless victory facts of its army superiority, or have been the Afghans in simple terms eyeing the novices as they've got watched international armies in centuries prior, figuring out time is on their side?For over 2,500 years, the forbidding territory of Afghanistan has served as an essential crossroads--not only for armies yet for clashes among civilizations--the Greeks, Arabs, Mongols, and Tartars, and in additional contemporary instances, Britain and Russia. Now the USA needs to face a brand new enemy in this land--a land that for hundreds of years has develop into a graveyard of empires past.This first-ever whole army heritage of Afghanistan illuminates the extensive ancient context into which American forces were drawn--a cautionary story, maybe, concerning the hazards which can lie forward.
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Additional info for Afghanistan: A Military History From Alexander The Great To The Fall Of The Taliban
Once again, Alexander found the Great King's abandoned chariot. Darius was heading north, accompanied by Bessus and the Bactrian cavalry, as well as, interestingly, several thousand Greek and Persian infantry who had withdrawn in good order. It was regrettable that Alexander had not been able to kill or capture the Great King, but he did have a consolation. He had wrecked the greatest army the Persian Empire could muster. Now the empire was his. Darius moved north with Bessus's Bactrian forces and his loyal Greeks, while the rest of his army melted away once his imperial authority had been destroyed.
Alexander himself would keep his Alexander the Great 25 Companion Cavalry close in hand, waiting for the inevitable disruption to occur across the enemy line. His goal from the beginning was to force a vulnerability toward the Persian center, where he knew Darius, according to tradition, was stationed. The Macedonians approached ominously at a forward slant across the field. As their smaller army veered sideways, the Persian left began to lose its preponderance of force, while their right gained huge superiority—in fact, were able to look at an open flank on Parmenio's side.
After that a large area of the country is engulfed by desert sands, and this desolate and arid region supports no human or vegetable life. . Where the soil is more fertile it supports large populations of humans and horses; and thus the Bactrian cavalry totalled 30,000. At Balkh, Alexander learned the latest news from Areia, to which he had dispatched Erigyus to quell the rebellion by Satibarzanes. The two armies had met in battle, but neither side had been able to get the upper hand. Finally, Satibarzanes rode between the lines, threw his helmet down, and offered to settle the issue personally with any champion the Macedonians could offer.