By Marise Cremona, Bruno De Witte
This number of essays examines and reassesses the elemental ideas of ecu overseas relatives legislations that experience emerged over 50 years of incremental Treaty-based and judicial improvement. It additionally explores the actual personality of the EU's 'external constitution.' The essays were written opposed to a history of swap, and so they debate: the deliberation over the nature of the precise constitutional framework which has surrounded the drafting of the Constitutional and Reform Treaties, the more and more cross-pillar nature of a lot european exterior motion, and renewed curiosity within the responsibility of international kin coverage and perform to democratic and judicial evaluate inside and with no the european. In exploring the criminal context during which the ecu seeks to advance a global identification, and to constitution and execute guidelines on the foreign point, the gathering will curiosity these operating in diplomacy.
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Extra info for EU Foreign Relations Law: Constitutional Fundamentals
29 Columns Design Ltd / Job: Cremona_and_de_Witte / Division: Ch2 /Pg. Position: 8 / Date: 13/6 JOBNAME: Cremona & De Witte PAGE: 11 SESS: 2318 OUTPUT: Thu Jul 3 15:05:50 2008 Much Ado about Pluto? 35 V. LEGAL UNITY AND LEGAL DIVERSITY—RECENT APPROACHES OF THE EUROPEAN COURTS After some 12 years during which the legal problems caused by the ‘cross-pillarisation’ of EU policies played almost no role before the ECJ, they have arrived there within the last few years en masse. Many of the issues brought before the Court concern the choice of legal basis.
15 Cf W Cremer, ‘Vorabentscheidungsverfahren nach Art 177 EGV und mitgliedstaatliche Verfassungsgerichtsbarkeit’ (1999) Bayerische Verwaltungsblätter 266–70. Columns Design Ltd / Job: Cremona_and_de_Witte / Division: Ch2 /Pg. Position: 4 / Date: 3/7 JOBNAME: Cremona & De Witte PAGE: 7 SESS: 2318 OUTPUT: Thu Jul 3 15:05:50 2008 Much Ado about Pluto? 18 However, the Bundesverfassungsgericht did not only disregard the duty of consistent interpretation. It also sent—in the words of Judge LübbeWolff—’dark signals’ to the Court of Justice, by debating whether the limited extradition of Germans amounted to an Entstaatlichung (a loss of core elements of statehood) of the Federal Republic of Germany, which would be inadmissible under the German Constitution.
31 In the circumstances, account has to be taken of the bridge explicitly established at the time of the Maastricht revision between Community actions imposing economic sanctions under Articles 60 EC and 301 EC and the objectives of the Treaty on European Union in the sphere of external relations. , the implementation of a common foreign and security policy. 51 On the basis of this reasoning, and referring also to the single institutional framework and the obligation of consistency laid upon the institutions by Article 3 TEU, the CFI held the use of Articles 60, 301 and 308 TEC as a combined legal basis for the contested Regulation to be legitimate.